BlueCross BlueShield of Arizona Logo
MEDICAL COVERAGE GUIDELINES
ORIGINAL EFFECTIVE DATE:
01/17/17
SECTION: RADIOLOGY
LAST REVIEW DATE:
07/18/17
LAST CRITERIA REVISION DATE:
07/18/17
ARCHIVE DATE:
CORONARY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY WITH SELECTIVE
NONINVASIVE FRACTIONAL FLOW RESERVE
Non-Discrimination Statement and Multi-Language Interpreter Services information are located at
the end of this document.
Coverage for services, procedures, medical devices and drugs are dependent upon benefit
eligibility as outlined in the member's specific benefit plan. This Medical Coverage Guideline must
be read in its entirety to determine coverage eligibility, if any.
This Medical Coverage Guideline provides information related to coverage determinations only
and does not imply that a service or treatment is clinically appropriate or inappropriate. The
provider and the member are responsible for all decisions regarding the appropriateness of care.
Providers should provide BCBSAZ complete medical rationale when requesting any exceptions to
these guidelines.
The section identified as “Description” defines or describes a service, procedure, medical device
or drug and is in no way intended as a statement of medical necessity and/or coverage.
The section identified as “Criteria” defines criteria to determine whether a service, procedure,
medical device or drug is considered medically necessary or experimental or investigational.
State or federal mandates, e.g., FEP program, may dictate that any drug, device or biological
product approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) may not be considered
experimental or investigational and thus the drug, device or biological product may be assessed
only on the basis of medical necessity.
Medical Coverage Guidelines are subject to change as new information becomes available.
For purposes of this Medical Coverage Guideline, the terms "experimental" and "investigational"
are considered to be interchangeable.
BLUE CROSS®, BLUE SHIELD® and the Cross and Shield Symbols are registered service marks
of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association, an association of independent Blue Cross and
Blue Shield Plans. All other trademarks and service marks contained in this guideline are the
property of their respective owners, which are not affiliated with BCBSAZ.
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BlueCross BlueShield of Arizona Logo
MEDICAL COVERAGE GUIDELINES
ORIGINAL EFFECTIVE DATE:
01/17/17
SECTION: RADIOLOGY
LAST REVIEW DATE:
07/18/17
LAST CRITERIA REVISION DATE:
07/18/17
ARCHIVE DATE:
CORONARY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY WITH SELECTIVE
NONINVASIVE FRACTIONAL FLOW RESERVE (cont.)
Description:
Invasive coronary angiographies (ICA) are often unnecessary in individuals with suspected stable
ischemic heart disease (SIHD). Fractional flow reserve using computed tomography angiography (FFR-
CT) is a noninvasive test performed prior to ICA that has been investigated for individuals with SIHD to
determine if they are a candidate for revascularization, thus avoiding unnecessary procedures and their
adverse consequences.
The HeartFlow FFRCT v2.0 simulation software device is FDA approved for the clinical quantitative and
qualitative analysis of previously acquired computed tomography data for clinically stable symptomatic
individuals with coronary artery disease. The results of this analysis are provided to support qualified
clinicians to aid in the evaluation and assessment of coronary arteries.
Criteria:
The use of noninvasive fractional flow reserve following a positive coronary computed tomography
angiography to guide decisions about the use of invasive coronary angiography in individuals with
stable chest pain at intermediate risk of coronary artery disease (i.e., suspected or presumed stable
ischemic heart disease) is considered medically necessary.
The use of noninvasive fractional flow reserve for all other indications not previously listed or if above
criteria not met is considered experimental or investigational based upon:
1. Insufficient scientific evidence to permit conclusions concerning the effect on health outcomes,
and
2. Insufficient evidence to support improvement of the net health outcome, and
3. Insufficient evidence to support improvement of the net health outcome as much as, or more
than, established alternatives, and
4. Insufficient evidence to support improvement of the net health outcome as much as, or more
than, established alternatives, and
5. Insufficient evidence to support improvement outside the investigational setting.
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BlueCross BlueShield of Arizona Logo
MEDICAL COVERAGE GUIDELINES
ORIGINAL EFFECTIVE DATE:
01/17/17
SECTION: RADIOLOGY
LAST REVIEW DATE:
07/18/17
LAST CRITERIA REVISION DATE:
07/18/17
ARCHIVE DATE:
CORONARY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY WITH SELECTIVE
NONINVASIVE FRACTIONAL FLOW RESERVE (cont.)
Resources:
Literature reviewed 07/18/17. We do not include marketing materials, poster boards and non-
published literature in our review.
The BCBS Association Medical Policy Reference Manual (MPRM) policy is included in our
guideline review. References cited in the MPRM policy are not duplicated on this guideline.
1.
6.01.59 BCBS Association Medical Policy Reference Manual. Noninvasive Fractional Flow
Reserve Using Computed Tomography Angiography. Reissue date 06/08/2017, issue date
12/08/2016.
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BlueCross BlueShield of Arizona Logo
MEDICAL COVERAGE GUIDELINES
ORIGINAL EFFECTIVE DATE:
01/17/17
SECTION: RADIOLOGY
LAST REVIEW DATE:
07/18/17
LAST CRITERIA REVISION DATE:
07/18/17
ARCHIVE DATE:
CORONARY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY WITH SELECTIVE
NONINVASIVE FRACTIONAL FLOW RESERVE (cont.)
Non-Discrimination Statement:
Blue Cross Blue Shield of Arizona (BCBSAZ) complies with applicable Federal civil rights laws
and does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability or sex.
BCBSAZ provides appropriate free aids and services, such as qualified interpreters and written
information in other formats, to people with disabilities to communicate effectively with us.
BCBSAZ also provides free language services to people whose primary language is not English,
such as qualified interpreters and information written in other languages. If you need these
services, call (602) 864-4884 for Spanish and (877) 475-4799 for all other languages and other aids
and services.
If you believe that BCBSAZ has failed to provide these services or discriminated in another way
on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability or sex, you can file a grievance with:
BCBSAZ’s Civil Rights Coordinator, Attn: Civil Rights Coordinator, Blue Cross Blue Shield of
Arizona, P.O. Box 13466, Phoenix, AZ 85002-3466, (602) 864-2288, TTY/TDD (602) 864-4823,
[email protected]. You can file a grievance in person or by mail or email. If you need help filing a
grievance BCBSAZ’s Civil Rights Coordinator is available to help you. You can also file a civil
rights complaint with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Civil Rights
electronically through the Office for Civil Rights Complaint Portal, available at
https://ocrportal.hhs.gov/ocr/portal/lobby.jsf, or by mail or phone at: U.S. Department of Health
and Human Services, 200 Independence Avenue SW., Room 509F, HHH Building, Washington, DC
20201, 1-800-368-1019, 800-537-7697 (TDD). Complaint forms are available at
Multi-Language Interpreter Services:
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BlueCross BlueShield of Arizona Logo
MEDICAL COVERAGE GUIDELINES
ORIGINAL EFFECTIVE DATE:
01/17/17
SECTION: RADIOLOGY
LAST REVIEW DATE:
07/18/17
LAST CRITERIA REVISION DATE:
07/18/17
ARCHIVE DATE:
CORONARY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY WITH SELECTIVE
NONINVASIVE FRACTIONAL FLOW RESERVE (cont.)
Multi-Language Interpreter Services: (cont.)
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